A staggering one in four Australians has diabetes or pre-diabetes, a condition characterised by impaired glucose metabolism which if left untreated, can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Knowledge is power and knowing you have pre-diabetes gives you the power to set in motion the changes necessary to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes. Not every case of pre-diabetes will progress to type 2 diabetes and you can certainly reduce the risk by taking a proactive role in prevention. For example, correcting a vitamin D deficiency can greatly reduce your risk of developing diabetes.
You are at greater risk if you are overweight, lead a sedentary lifestyle, eat a nutrient poor diet, or have a family history of diabetes.
Poor dietary habits are a risk factor
As is a sedentary lifestyle
There are some symptoms to watch out for that may not seem serious on their own, but they could be an indicator of things to come. Common symptoms of pre-diabetes include:
increased and frequent urination leading to increased thirst
increased hunger even after eating
inexplicable weight changes
Consider consulting a health professional for glucose testing if you regularly experience one or more of the above symptoms. The treatment for pre-diabetes is the same as for type 2 diabetes and revolves around diet and lifestyle changes. Speak to your health professional for more information or visit the Diabetes Australia website.