It's common for people to ignore issues with their feet, but taking care of your feet is important for your overall health. You put pressure on your feet every day when walking, so it's easy for your feet to develop problems.
Common conditions that affect the feet include athlete's foot, ingrown toenails, cracked feet, and corns. Pain in your feet may seem unavoidable, but it doesn't have to be. Knowing how to take care of feet can improve your life and reduce your risk of developing health issues.
How to take care of dry feet
Dry, cracked feet are very common, especially in older adults. As you age, sweat and oil glands decrease, so your foot doesn't stay naturally moisturised. To combat this problem, spread a layer of lotion over your feet every night. You don't need to use a huge amount or keep socks on as you sleep, but just applying a bit of moisturiser will help heal your feet.
How to cake care of ingrown toenails
Ingrown toenails form when the edges of the toenail grow into the surrounding skin. This can occur if you wear shoes that place pressure on your toes or don't fit properly. There are many ingrown toenail treatment options, but if the toenail isn't infected, you can usually treat it at home.
Soak your feet in warm water for 10 to 20 minutes to soften the area. Apply lotion or moisturiser after you soak your feet to prevent them from drying out. You can also place a piece of cotton or waxed dental floss under the edge of the nail. This helps the nail grow above the skin instead of into the skin.
How to treat corns on toes
Corns and calluses form when the skin experiences a lot of friction or pressure. Corns, which form from bone pressure against the skin, are especially common on your toes and the balls of your feet. To treat them, soak your feet in warm water for about 10 minutes. Then, file the area gently with a pumice stone. Removing too much skin can cause bleeding, so be careful when using the pumice stone.
You can use a lotion with salicylic acid, urea, or ammonium lactate to soften and remove the corn. If the corn doesn't go away with home treatment, corn removal by podiatrist may be necessary.
How to take care of athlete's foot
Athlete's foot occurs when a fungus grows on the soles of the feet. It causes red, dry, and peeling skin. To treat and prevent athlete's foot, keep your feet dry at all times. Make sure you dry between your toes after showering or swimming. If possible, wear sandals or open-toed shoes so your feet can breathe. You can also change your socks twice a day and use talcum powder on your feet.
How to keep feet healthy
To improve the overall health and cleanliness of your feet, follow a daily and weekly foot care routine. Thoroughly scrub your feet every day in the shower with soap or shower gel.
Always moisturise your feet in the evening before you go to sleep. If you soak your feet, moisturise them after to prevent them from becoming dry or cracked. When you get out of the shower, dry your feet and in between your toes. Talcum powder can keep the area between your toes dry throughout the day.
Trim your toenails once a week to prevent fungus or sweat from building up underneath the nail. You can use a pumice stone to smooth out the skin and wear down calluses or corns. If you use a pumice stone, only rub your foot in one direction to prevent the skin from tearing.
If possible, have two pairs of shoes that you can alternate between every other day. This will allow the sweat and moisture in each pair to dry out before you wear them again, preventing bacteria and fungi from growing in the shoes.